Information on Countries from Around the World
Home
 Choose a place and go.......
Virtual Sources

The World

  
View Larger Map

 

Introduction

   World

 

 

Background:

Globally, the 20th century was marked by: (a) two devastating world wars; (b) the Great Depression of the 1930s; (c) the end of vast colonial empires; (d) rapid advances in science and technology, from the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (US) to the landing on the moon; (e) the Cold War between the Western alliance and the Warsaw Pact nations; (f) a sharp rise in living standards in North America, Europe, and Japan; (g) increased concerns about the environment, including loss of forests, shortages of energy and water, the decline in biological diversity, and air pollution; (h) the onset of the AIDS epidemic; and (i) the ultimate emergence of the US as the only world superpower. The planet's population continues to explode: from 1 billion in 1820, to 2 billion in 1930, 3 billion in 1960, 4 billion in 1974, 5 billion in 1988, and 6 billion in 2000. For the 21st century, the continued exponential growth in science and technology raises both hopes (e.g., advances in medicine) and fears (e.g., development of even more lethal weapons of war).

 

  

Geography

   World

 

 

Area:

total: 510.072 million sq km
land: 148.94 million sq km
water: 361.132 million sq km
note: 70.9% of the world's surface is water, 29.1% is land
 

Area - comparative:

land area about 16 times the size of the US
top fifteen entities ranked by size: Pacific Ocean 155.557 million sq km; Atlantic Ocean 76.762 million sq km; Indian Ocean 68.556 million sq km; Southern Ocean 20.327 million sq km; Russia 17,098,242 sq km; Arctic Ocean 14.056 million sq km; Antarctica 14 million sq km; Canada 9,984,670 sq km; United States 9,826,675 sq km; China 9,596,961 sq km; Brazil 8,514,877 sq km; Australia 7,741,220 sq km; European Union 4,324,782 sq km; India 3,287,263 sq km; Argentina 2,780,400 sq km
top ten largest islands: Greenland 2,166,086 sq km; New Guinea (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea) 785,753 sq km; Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia) 751,929 sq km; Madagascar 587,713 sq km; Baffin Island (Canada) 507,451 sq km; Sumatra (Indonesia) 472,784 sq km; Honshu (Japan) 227,963 sq km; Victoria Island (Canada) 217,291 sq km; Great Britain (United Kingdom) 209,331 sq km; Ellesmere Island (Canada) 196,236 sq km

Land boundaries:

the land boundaries in the world total 251,060 km (not counting shared boundaries twice); two nations, China and Russia, each border 14 other countries
note: 45 nations and other areas are landlocked, these include: Afghanistan, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Czech Republic, Ethiopia, Holy See (Vatican City), Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Paraguay, Rwanda, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, West Bank, Zambia, Zimbabwe; two of these, Liechtenstein and Uzbekistan, are doubly landlocked

Coastline:

356,000 km
note: 95 nations and other entities are islands that border no other countries, they include: American Samoa, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Baker Island, Barbados, Bermuda, Bouvet Island, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Christmas Island, Clipperton Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Comoros, Cook Islands, Coral Sea Islands, Cuba, Curacao, Cyprus, Dominica, Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), Faroe Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Greenland, Grenada, Guam, Guernsey, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Howland Island, Iceland, Isle of Man, Jamaica, Jan Mayen, Japan, Jarvis Island, Jersey, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Kiribati, Madagascar, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritius, Mayotte, Federated States of Micronesia, Midway Islands, Montserrat, Nauru, Navassa Island, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Palmyra Atoll, Paracel Islands, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Spratly Islands, Sri Lanka, Svalbard, Tokelau, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Virgin Islands, Wake Island, Wallis and Futuna, Taiwan

Maritime claims:

a variety of situations exist, but in general, most countries make the following claims measured from the mean low-tide baseline as described in the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea: territorial sea - 12 nm, contiguous zone - 24 nm, and exclusive economic zone - 200 nm; additional zones provide for exploitation of continental shelf resources and an exclusive fishing zone; boundary situations with neighboring states prevent many countries from extending their fishing or economic zones to a full 200 nm

Climate:

Current Weather
a wide equatorial band of hot and humid tropical climates - bordered north and south by subtropical temperate zones - that separate two large areas of cold and dry polar climates

Terrain:

the greatest ocean depth is the Mariana Trench at 10,924 m in the Pacific Ocean

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Bentley Subglacial Trench -2,555 m
note: in the oceanic realm, Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the lowest point, lying -10,924 m below the surface of the Pacific Ocean
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m
top ten highest mountains (measured from sea level): Mount Everest (Nepal-China) 8,850 m; K2 (Pakistan) 8,611 m; Kanchenjunga (Nepal-India) 8,598 m; Lhotse (Nepal) 8,516 m; Makalu (Nepal-China) 8,463 m; Cho Oyu (Nepal-China) 8,201 m; Dhaulagiri (Nepal) 8,167 m; Manaslu (Nepal) 8,163 m; Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) 8,125 m; Anapurna (Nepal) 8,091 m

Natural resources:

the rapid depletion of nonrenewable mineral resources, the depletion of forest areas and wetlands, the extinction of animal and plant species, and the deterioration in air and water quality (especially in some countries of Eastern Europe, the former USSR, and China) pose serious long-term problems that governments and peoples are only beginning to address

Land use:

arable land: 10.57%
permanent crops: 1.04%
other: 88.39% (2005)

Irrigated land:

2,770,980 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards:

large areas subject to severe weather (tropical cyclones); natural disasters (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions)
volcanism: the world is home to more than 1,500 potentially active volcanoes, with over 500 of these having erupted in historical times; an estimated 500 million people live near these volcanoes; associated dangers include lava flows, lahars (mudflows), pyroclastic flows, ash clouds, ash fall, ballistic projectiles, gas emissions, landslides, earthquakes, and tsunamis; in the 1990s, the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, created a list of 16 volcanoes worthy of special study because of their great potential for destruction: Avachinsky-Koryaksky (Russia), Colima (Mexico), Etna (Italy), Galeras (Colombia), Mauna Loa (United States), Merapi (Indonesia), Nyiragongo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Rainier (United States), Sakurajima (Japan), Santa Maria (Guatemala), Santorini (Greece), Taal (Philippines), Teide (Spain), Ulawun (Papua New Guinea), Unzen (Japan), Vesuvius (Italy)

Environment - current issues:

large areas subject to overpopulation, industrial disasters, pollution (air, water, acid rain, toxic substances), loss of vegetation (overgrazing, deforestation, desertification), loss of wildlife, soil degradation, soil depletion, erosion; global warming becoming a greater concern

Geography - note:

the world is now thought to be about 4.55 billion years old, just about one-third of the 13.7-billion-year age estimated for the universe

 

 

  

People

   World

 

 

Population:

6,768,181,146 (July 2010 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 27% (male 944,987,919/female 884,268,378)
15-64 years: 65.3% (male 2,234,860,865/female 2,187,838,153)
65 years and over: 7.6% (male 227,164,176/female 289,048,221) (2010 est.)

Median age:

total: 28.4 years
male: 27.7 years
female: 29 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.133% (2009 est.)

Birth rate:

19.86 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate:

8.37 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 44.13 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison for the world
male: 46.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 41.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 66.12 years
male: 64.29 years
female: 68.07 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.56 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.8% (2007 est.)
 

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

33 million (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

2 million (2007 est.)

Religions:

Christians 33.32% (of which Roman Catholics 16.99%, Protestants 5.78%, Orthodox 3.53%, Anglicans 1.25%), Muslims 21.01%, Hindus 13.26%, Buddhists 5.84%, Sikhs 0.35%, Jews 0.23%, Baha'is 0.12%, other religions 11.78%, non-religious 11.77%, atheists 2.32% (2007 est.)

Languages:

Mandarin Chinese 12.65%, Spanish 4.93%, English 4.91%, Arabic 3.31%, Hindi 2.73%, Bengali 2.71%, Portuguese 2.67%, Russian 2.16%, Japanese 1.83%, Standard German 1.35%, Javanese 1.27% (2008 est.)
note: percents are for "first language" speakers only

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 82%
male: 87%
female: 77%
note: over two-thirds of the world's 785 million illiterate adults are found in only eight countries (Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Pakistan); of all the illiterate adults in the world, two-thirds are women; extremely low literacy rates are concentrated in three regions, the Arab states, South and West Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa, where around one-third of the men and half of all women are illiterate (2005 est.)

 

  

Government

   World

 

 

Administrative divisions:

266 nations, dependent areas, and other entities

Legal system:

all members of the UN are parties to the statute that established the International Court of Justice (ICJ) or World Court

 

  

Economy

   World

 

 

Economy - overview:

2009 marked the first year in the post-World War II era that global output - and per capita income - declined; output contracted nearly 1% year-over-year, compared with average increases of about 3.5% per year since 1946. And global trade plummeted nearly 25% from 2008's level, the largest single year drop since World War II. Among major countries, the biggest GDP losses occurred in Russia (-7.9%), Mexico (-6.5%), Japan (-5.3%), Italy (-5.1%), Germany (-4.9%), and United Kingdom (-4.9%), while China (+9.1%), India (+7.4%), and Indonesia (+4.5%) recorded the biggest gains. In 2009, global per capita income fell about 2% to US$10,400, as global unemployment rose from just over 7% in 2008 to nearly 9% in 2009 - underemployment, especially in the developing world, remained much higher. Global gross fixed investment fell about 4% year-over-year, or by roughly $800 billion. World trade and financial imbalances unwound: from 2008 to 2009 current account surpluses or deficits fell for 4 out of every 5 countries as lower commodity prices, tighter credit, and, to some degree, greater protectionism reduced demand for traded goods. World external debt dropped more than 6% from the previous year, as new international lending disappeared. The global recession was a result of widespread uncertainties in the financial markets, bank failures, tighter credit, falling home prices, collapsing asset prices, lowered consumer confidence, and the drop in trade. In response to these conditions, many, if not most, countries pursued expansionary monetary and fiscal policies, and attempted to avoid protectionist policies. By the second half of 2009, the global economy appeared to be making halting, but forward steps.
The world economy now faces a major new challenge, together with several long-standing ones. The fiscal stimulus packages put in place in 2009 required most countries to run budget deficits - government balances deteriorated for 14 out of every 15 countries. Treasuries issued new public debt - globally, worth about $4 trillion - to pay for the additional expenditures. To keep interest rates low, many central banks monetized that debt, injecting large sums of money into the economies. In the first half of 2010, excess capacity existed in product markets, and inflation was not an immediate threat. However, when economic activity picks up, central banks will face the difficult task of containing inflation without raising interest rates so high they snuff out further growth.
Long-standing challenges the world faces are several. The addition of 80 million people each year to an already overcrowded globe is exacerbating the problems of underemployment, pollution, waste-disposal, epidemics, water-shortages, famine, over-fishing of oceans, deforestation, desertification, and depletion of non-renewable resources. The nation-state, as a bedrock economic-political institution, is steadily losing control over international flows of people, goods, funds, and technology. Internally, the central government often finds its control over resources slipping as separatist regional movements - typically based on ethnicity - gain momentum, e.g., in many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union, in the former Yugoslavia, in India, in Iraq, in Indonesia, and in Canada. Externally, the central government is losing decisionmaking powers to international bodies, most notably the EU. The introduction of the euro as the common currency of much of Western Europe in January 1999, while paving the way for an integrated economic powerhouse, poses economic risks because the participating nations are culturally and politically diverse and have varying levels and rates of growth of income, and hence, differing needs for monetary policy. In Western Europe, governments face the difficult political problem of channeling resources away from welfare programs in order to increase investment and strengthen incentives to seek employment. Because of their own internal problems and priorities, the industrialized countries devote insufficient resources to deal effectively with the poorer areas of the world, which, at least from an economic point of view, are becoming further marginalized. The terrorist attacks on the US on 11 September 2001 accentuated a growing risk to global prosperity, illustrated, for example, by the reallocation of resources away from investment to anti-terrorist programs. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan added new uncertainties to global economic prospects.
Despite these challenges, the world economy also shows great promise. Technology has made possible further advances in all fields, from agriculture, to medicine, alternative energy, metallurgy, and transportation. Improved global communications have greatly reduced the costs of international trade, helping the world gain from the international division of labor, raise living standards, and reduce income disparities among nations. Much of the resilience of the world economy in 2009 resulted from government leaders around the world working in concert to stem the financial onslaught, knowing well the lessons of past economic failures.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$69.98 trillion (2009 est.)
$70.49 trillion (2008 est.)
$68.59 trillion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):

GWP (gross world product): $58.15 trillion (2009 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:

-0.7% (2009 est.)
2.8% (2008 est.)
5% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$10,400 (2009 est.)
$10,600 (2008 est.)
$10,400 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:

agriculture: 6%
industry: 30.6%
services: 63.4% (2009 est.)

Labor force:

3.179 billion (2009 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 37.5%
industry: 22.1%
services: 40.4% (2007 est.)

Unemployment rate:

8.7% (2009 est.)
7.2% (2008 est.)
note: 30% (2007 est.) combined unemployment and underemployment in many non-industrialized countries; developed countries typically 4%-12% unemployment

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 29.5% (2003 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

developed countries 0% to 4% typically; developing countries 5% to 20% typically; national inflation rates vary widely in individual cases; inflation rates have declined for most countries for the last several years, held in check by increasing international competition from several low wage countries and lower oil prices

Industries:

dominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new industrial (and agricultural) technology is complicating already grim environmental problems

Industrial production growth rate:

-2.7% (2009 est.)

Electricity - production:

19.25 trillion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - consumption:

17.93 trillion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - exports:

615.4 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - imports:

613.9 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Oil - production:

84.24 million bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - consumption:

83.62 million bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - proved reserves:

1.378 trillion bbl (1 January 2010 est.)

Natural gas - production:

3.127 trillion cu m (2008 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:

3.073 trillion cu m (2008 est.)

Natural gas - exports:

949.9 billion cu m (2008 est.)

Natural gas - imports:

947.2 billion cu m (2008 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:

187.8 trillion cu m (1 January 2010 est.)

Exports:

$12.4 trillion (2009 est.)
$15.96 trillion (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:

the whole range of industrial and agricultural goods and services
top ten - share of world trade: electrical machinery, including computers 14.8%; mineral fuels, including oil, coal, gas, and refined products 14.4%; nuclear reactors, boilers, and parts 14.2%; cars, trucks, and buses 8.9%; scientific and precision instruments 3.5%; plastics 3.4%; iron and steel 2.7%; organic chemicals 2.6%; pharmaceutical products 2.6%; diamonds, pearls, and precious stones 1.9%

Exports - partners:

US 12.7%, Germany 7.2%, China 6.4%, France 4.5%, Japan 4.3%, UK 4.2% (2008 est.)

Imports:

$12.29 trillion (2009 est.)
$15.9 trillion (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:

the whole range of industrial and agricultural goods and services

Imports - partners:

China 10.3%, Germany 8.7%, US 8%, Japan 5% (2008 est.)

Debt - external:

$56.9 trillion (31 December 2009 est.)
$60.83 trillion (31 December 2008 est.)
note: this figure is the sum total of all countries' external debt, both public and private

   

 

  

Communications

   World

 

 

Telephones - main lines in use:

1.268 billion (2008)

Telephones - mobile cellular:

4.017 billion (2008)

Internet users:

1.604 billion (2008)

 

  

Transportation

   World

 

 

Airports:
total airports - 44,010 (2010)
top ten by passengers: Atlanta (ATL) - 88,032,086; London (LHR) - 66,037,578; Beijing (PEK) - 65,372,012; Chicago (ORD) - 64,158,343; Tokyo (HND) - 61,903,656; Paris (CDG) - 57,906,866; Los Angeles (LAX) - 56,520,843; Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) - 56,030,457; Frankfurt (FRA) - 50,932,840; Denver (DEN) - 50,167,485 (2009)
top ten by cargo (metric tons): Memphis (MEM) - 3,697,054; Hong Kong (HKG) - 3,385,313; Shanghai (PVG) - 2,543,394; Inch'on (ICN) - 2,313,001; Paris (CDG) - 2,054,515; Anchorage (ANC) - 1,994,629; Louisville (SDF) - 1,949,528; Dubai (DXB) - 1,927,520; Frankfurt (FRA) - 1,887,686; Tokyo (NRT) - 1,851,972 (2009)
Heliports:
3,825 (2010)
Railways:
total: 1,138,632 km (2008)
Roadways:
total: 102,260,304 km (2008)
Waterways:
671,886 km (2004)
top ten longest rivers: Nile (Africa) 6,693 km; Amazon (South America) 6,436 km; Mississippi-Missouri (North America) 6,238 km; Yenisey-Angara (Asia) 5,981 km; Ob-Irtysh (Asia) 5,569 km; Yangtze (Asia) 5,525 km; Yellow (Asia) 4,671 km; Amur (Asia) 4,352 km; Lena (Asia) 4,345 km; Congo (Africa) 4,344 km
note: if measured by volume, the Amazon is the largest river in the world
Ports and terminals:
top ten container ports as measured by Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) throughput: Singapore - 25,866,400; Shanghai - 25,002,000; Hong Kong - 20,983,000; Shenzhen (China) - 18,250,100; Pusan (South Korea) - 11,954,861; Guangzhou (China) - 11,190,000; Dubai (UAE) - 11,124,082; Ningbo (China) - 10,502,800; Qingdao (China) - 10,260,000; - Rotterdam - 9,743,290 (2009)

  

Military

   World

 

 

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:

roughly 2% of GDP of gross world product (2005 est.)

 

  

Transnational Issues

   World

 

 

Disputes - international:

stretching over 250,000 km, the world's 322 international land boundaries separate 194 independent states and 71 dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, and other miscellaneous entities; ethnicity, culture, race, religion, and language have divided states into separate political entities as much as history, physical terrain, political fiat, or conquest, resulting in sometimes arbitrary and imposed boundaries; most maritime states have claimed limits that include territorial seas and exclusive economic zones; overlapping limits due to adjacent or opposite coasts create the potential for 430 bilateral maritime boundaries of which 209 have agreements that include contiguous and non-contiguous segments; boundary, borderland/resource, and territorial disputes vary in intensity from managed or dormant to violent or militarized; undemarcated, indefinite, porous, and unmanaged boundaries tend to encourage illegal cross-border activities, uncontrolled migration, and confrontation; territorial disputes may evolve from historical and/or cultural claims, or they may be brought on by resource competition; ethnic and cultural clashes continue to be responsible for much of the territorial fragmentation and internal displacement of the estimated 6.6 million people and cross-border displacements of 8.6 million refugees around the world as of early 2006; just over one million refugees were repatriated in the same period; other sources of contention include access to water and mineral (especially hydrocarbon) resources, fisheries, and arable land; armed conflict prevails not so much between the uniformed armed forces of independent states as between stateless armed entities that detract from the sustenance and welfare of local populations, leaving the community of nations to cope with resultant refugees, hunger, disease, impoverishment, and environmental degradation

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated that in December 2006 there was a global population of 8.8 million registered refugees and as many as 24.5 million IDPs in more than 50 countries; the actual global population of refugees is probably closer to 10 million given the estimated 1.5 million Iraqi refugees displaced throughout the Middle East (2007)

Illicit drugs:

cocaine: worldwide coca leaf cultivation in 2007 amounted to 232,500 hectares; Colombia produced slightly more than two-thirds of the worldwide crop, followed by Peru and Bolivia; potential pure cocaine production decreased 7% to 865 metric tons in 2007; Colombia conducts an aggressive coca eradication campaign, but both Peruvian and Bolivian Governments are hesitant to eradicate coca in key growing areas; 551 metric tons of export-quality cocaine (85% pure) is documented to have been seized or destroyed in 2005; US consumption of export quality cocaine is estimated to have been in excess of 380 metric tons
opiates: worldwide illicit opium poppy cultivation continued to increase in 2007, with a potential opium production of 8,400 metric tons, reaching the highest levels recorded since estimates began in mid-1980s; Afghanistan is world's primary opium producer, accounting for 95% of the global supply; Southeast Asia - responsible for 9% of global opium - saw marginal increases in production; Latin America produced 1% of global opium, but most was refined into heroin destined for the US market; if all potential opium was processed into pure heroin, the potential global production would be 1,000 metric tons of heroin in 2007

Trafficking in persons:
current situation: approximately 800,000 people, mostly women and children, are trafficked annually across national borders, not including millions trafficked within their own countries; at least 80% of the victims are female and up to 50% are minors; 75% of all victims are trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation; almost two-thirds of the global victims are trafficked intra-regionally within East Asia and the Pacific (260,000 to 280,000 people) and Europe and Eurasia (170,000 to 210,000 people)
Tier 2 Watch List: Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belize, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, India, Iraq, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Mali, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Russia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen
Tier 3: Burma, Chad, Cuba, Eritrea, Fiji, Iran, Kuwait, Malaysia, Mauritania, Niger, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Zimbabwe (2009)
 
  Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Britain
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burma
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo (Republic)
Congo (DRC)
Costa Rica
Cote D'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holland
Holy See
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea (North)
Korea (South)
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Morocco
Namibia
Mozambique
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
North Korea
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Vincent  &  The Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tajikistan
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

International Market Research Reports
Over 130 topics from more than 75 countries - Reports include market size information, market access strategies, market share, export and import information, market analysis, market trends, competition, domestic production, best sales prospects, statistical data, tariffs, regulations, distribution and business practices, end-user analysis, trade shows and contact points.
internationalbusinessstrategies.com

Through PenTales collaborative storytelling projects, we seek to open the channels of communication between individuals and between communities. We hope that by encouraging individuals to share original stories – real or imagined- PenTales will help foster creative identity, promote media literacy, and connect people in meaningful ways. www.pentales.com

The Craft Factory DIY workshops, projects, and other fun crafts events.
The Craft Factory is a community of crafters and artisans in the New York City area who get together to learn, share, make, and get crafty. It is comprised of 180+ members of different skill levels, ages, backgrounds, and experiences from the tristate area. Each member brings his or her own unique interests and skills with them, but all share a passion for getting together and DIY’ing. Join us! www.craftfactoryny.com

Lock23 A curated selection of etsy finds and other handmade goods. Updated daily.
http://www.locktwentythree.com

Culture Collective
Cultcollect.com is a collaborative online magazine and store. It is a place for creators to showcase and market their work, and for visitors to experience or buy new and original creations from around the world. Get to know different people, perspectives and places.
www.cultcollect.com

 

 

 

 
 
Recommended Current International Market Research

Foodservice Equipment Market in Canada - January 2012
City of Toronto Procurement in Canada - January 2012
Solar Energy Market in Chile - January 2012
Machine Tools and Machining Centers Market in Germany - January 2012
Recycling Market in Greece - January 2012
Automotive Sector in Ontario in Canada - January 2012
Provincial Procurement Market in Ontario in Canada - January 2012
Shipping and Marine Services Market in Greece - February 2012
Aerospace Market in Singapore - February 2012
Franchise Market in Singapore - January 2012
Wind Power Market in Korea - January 2012
DIY Products Market in Germany - January 2012
Tourism Market in Bulgaria - January 2012
Packaging and Packaging Waste Material Market in Romania - January 2012
Outbound Medical Tourism from Canada to the United States - January 2012
Construction Equipment Market in Canada - January 2012
Agricultural Equipment and Chemicals Market in Colombia - November 2011
Agricultural Machinery and Equipment Market in Uruguay - November 2011
Generic Drugs Market in Japan - November 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Services Market in Argentina - November 2011
Food Processing and Beverage Equipment Market in Colombia - November 2011
Food Processing and Packaging Equipment Market in Mexico - November 2011
Medical Equipment Market in Finland - November 2011
Pharmaceutical Market in Romania - November 2011
Medical Equipment Market in Uruguay - November 2011
Non-Residential Property Security Systems Market in Thailand - November 2011
Oil and Gas Equipment and Services Market in Thailand - November 2011
Power Generation and Clean Energy Equipment Market in Singapore - November 2011
Franchise Market in India - November 2011
Solar Energy Market in Brazil - November 2011
Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Equipment Market in Brazil - November 2011
Pet Products Market in Japan - November 2011
Oil and Gas Equipment Market in Russia - November 2011
Outbound Travel Market to the U.S. from Mexico - November 2011
ICT Equipment Market in Finland - November 2011
Motorcycle Market in Japan - November 2011
IP-Based Physical Security Market in Japan - November 2011
Oil and Gas Drilling Equipment Market in Mexico - December 2011
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Exporting to Mexico - December 2011
Scientific Equipment and Process Controls Market in Argentina - December 2011
Power Generation and Distribution Market in Kazakhstan - December 2011
Travel and Tourism Market in Greece - December 2011
Port Modernization Projects in Mexico - December 2011
Sanitary Regulations for Medical Devices in Mexico - December 2011
Data Protection, Safety, and Storage Equipment Market in the Czech Republic - December 2011
Energy Market in Finland - December 2011
CE Marking of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices in the European Union - December 2011
Industrial Chemicals Market in Germany - December 2011
Nursing Care Market in Germany - December 2011
Safety and Security Equipment and Services Market in France - December 2011
Skin Care and Cosmetics Market in the Czech Republic - December 2011
IT Equipment Market in the Uruguay - December 2011
Electricity Generation Market in Ecuador - December 2011
Cosmetics and Beauty Products Market in Mexico - December 2011
Renewable Energy Market in Belgium - December 2011
Construction Machinery and Equipment Market in Uruguay - December 2011
Hardware Products Market in Uruguay - December 2011
Requirement for Exporting Textiles to Mexico - December 2011
Venture Capital and Private Equity Funds Market in Mexico - December 2011
Laboratory Equipment and Reagents Market in Chile - December 2011
Consumer Electronics Market in Russia - December 2011
Cosmetics Market in Korea - December 2011
Retail Market in Romania - December 2011
Telecommunications Market in Colombia - November 2011
Leisure Boats Market in Turkey - September 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism from Portugal - September 2011
Waste Management Equipment Market in Mexico - September 2011
Renewable Energy Equipment Market in Mexico - September 2011
Water and Wastewater Equipment and Services Market in Mexico - September 2011
United States Bound Tourism from Italy - September 2011
Motorcycle Legislation in the European Union - September 2011
Construction Building Equipment, Materials, and Services Market in Kazakhstan - September 2011
General Industry Market in Nuevo Leon in Mexico - September 2011
Green Building Market in Jordan - September 2011
Franchising Market in Portugal - September 2011
Energy Market in Turkey - September 2011
Solar Power Market in Turkey - September 2011
Cloud Computing Market in Japan - September 2011
Automotive Market in Russia - September 2011
Airport Development and Security Projects in Greece - September 2011
Automotive Tuning Market in Hungary - September 2011
Contemporary Women’s Wear Market in Japan - September 2011
Municipal Water Supply Management Products and Equipment Market in the Philippines - September 2011
Nuclear Energy Equipment Market in Mexico - October 2011
Composite Materials Market in Italy - October 2011
Toiletries and Cosmetics Market in Italy - October 2011
Cosmetics and Toiletries Market in Ecuador - October 2011
Oil and Gas Market in Romania - October 2011
Renewable Energy Market in Ontario in Canada - October 2011
Publishing Market in Italy - October 2011
Automotive Market in Romania - October 2011
Renewable Energy Market in Mexico - October 2011
Plastics Market in Canada - October 2011
Broadcasting Equipment Market in Korea - October 2011
Motorcycle Market in France - October 2011
The Battery Directive in the European Union - October 2011
Manufacturing Safety Equipment Market in Mexico - October 2011
Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation Market in Japan - October 2011
Private Equity Market in Peru - October 2011
Cosmetics Market in the Philippines - October 2011
Building Information Modeling (BIM) Market in Japan - October 2011
Sales Channel Considerations for U.S. Products in Mexico - October 2011
Insurance Market in Kazakhstan - October 2011
Banking Market in Panama - October 2011
Analytical Instruments Market in Japan - October 2011
Cosmetics and Toiletries Market in Portugal - November 2011
Senior High School Study Abroad Programs from Japan - August 2011
Cosmetics, Skincare and Toiletry Products in Hong Kong - August 2011
Aviation Market in Vietnam - August 2011
Oil and Gas Industry in Hungary - August 2011
Educational Market in the Kansai Region in Japan - August 2011
Agricultural Machinery and Equipment Market in Romania - August 2011
Electric Vehicles, Parts and Systems in Finland - August 2011
EU Defense Procurement Directive in the European Union - August 2011
ICT Market In Turkey - August 2011
Outbound Medical Tourism from Canada - August 2011
Automotive Framework Legislation in the EU - August 2011
Plastics Market in Germany - August 2011
Customs Brokers in Mexico - August 2011
Architectural and Engineering Services in Korea - August 2011
Computer Systems Integration Market in India - August 2011
Regulatory Framework for Building Products in the EU - August 2011
Medical Equipment Market in Chile - August 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism from Finland - August 2011
Aviation and Airport Market in Hungary - August 2011
Cosmetics and Toiletries Market in Sweden - August 2011
Medical Products and Equipment Market in Argentina - August 2011
Renewable Energy in the Czech Republic - August 2011
Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Equipment in Mexico - August 2011
Commercial Vehicles, Buses and Tractors Market in the Czech Republic - August 2011
Personal Healthcare IT in Japan - August 2011
Electric Automotive Market in Turkey - August 2011
Cold Chain Industry in India - August 2011
Energy Market in Hungary - July 2011
Cosmetics Market in Japan - July 2011
General Aviation Equipment Market in Poland - July 2011
Steel Market in Mexico - July 2011
Broadcast Market in Greece - July 2011
Tablet Computing Market in Japan - July 2011
Agricultural Machinery Market in Argentina - July 2011
Exporting Seafood to the European Union - July 2011
Processed Food Market in Argentina - July 2011
Rare Metals Market in Japan - July 2011
Medical Capital Equipment Market in Japan - July 2011
In-Vitro Diagnostics Market in Germany - July 2011
Automotive Oil and Diesel Products and Services Market in Turkey - April 2011
Construction Equipment Market in Poland - April 2011
The Umeda Kita Yard Project in Osaka in Japan - April 2011
Nutritional Supplement Market in Singapore - April 2011
Outbound Educational Travel Market in Western Japan - April 2011
Regulations on Food Supplements, Health Foods, and Herbal Medicines in the European Union - April 2011
Outbound Tourism and Travel Market in Singapore - April 2011
Pleasure Boats Market in Panama - April 2011
Construction Materials Market in Panama - April 2011
Selling Goods and Services in Panama - April 2011
Motorcycle and Moped Market in Italy - April 2011
Trade Regulations and Standards in Panama - April 2011
Investing in Panama - April 2011
Agricultural Equipment Market in Northern Japan - April 2011
Nutritional Supplement Market in Taiwan - April 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Market in Taiwan - April 2011
Restaurant Market in Mexico - May 2011
IT Market in Hungary - May 2011
Road Construction Equipment Market in Russia - May 2011
Green Building Market in Mexico - May 2011
Packaging Equipment Market in Argentina - May 2011
Household Care Products Market in Germany - May 2011
Cement Market in Mexico - May 2011
Process Controls Market in Poland - May 2011
International Education and Recruitment Market in Singapore - May 2011
Renewable Energy and Clean Coal Technology Market in Taiwan - May 2011
Food Processing Equipment Market in Kazakhstan - May 2011
Health Care Services Market in Denmark - May 2011
Nutritional Supplement Market in Bulgaria - May 2011
U.S. Education Market in Argentina - May 2011
Medical Equipment and Supplies Market in Indonesia - May 2011
Outbound Education Market in Turkey - May 2011
Food Processing Equipment Market in Japan - June 2011
Broadcast Market in Thailand - June 2011
Consumer Electronics Market in Vietnam - June 2011
Oil and Gas Equipment and Services Market in Kazakhstan - June 2011
Motorcycle Market in the Czech Republic - June 2011
In-Vitro Diagnostics Market in Austria - June 2011
Telecommunications Market in Taiwan - June 2011
Green Building Market in Denmark - June 2011
Vocational Training Market in Vietnam - June 2011
Non-Banking Market in Mexico - June 2011
Department Stores and Retail Market in Osaka Japan - June 2011
Outbound Travel in Spain - June 2011
Film and Cinema Market in Russia - June 2011
Energy Market in Croatia - June 2011
Food Processing and Packaging Equipment Market in Peru - June 2011
Food Processing Equipment and Machinery Market in New Zealand - June 2011
Franchising Market in Bulgaria - June 2011
Renewable Energy Market in Bulgaria - June 2011
Telecommunications Market in Peru - June 2011
Clinical Laboratory Product Market in the Philippines - June 2011
Logistics and Infrastructure Market in Kansai Japan - June 2011
Defense Market in Finland - June 2011
Green Data Center Market in Japan - June 2011
Bioplastics Market in France - June 2011
Municipal Water and Wastewater Treatment Market in Poland - June 2011
Electric Power Market in Japan - July 2011
Registration of Imported Cosmetics in India - July 2011
Marking, Labeling, and Packaging Legislation in the European Union - July 2011
Best Markets in Kaohsiung in Taiwan - July 2011
Construction Market in Italy - July 2011
Clean Coal Technologies Market in Poland - July 2011
Precious Metal Jewelry Market in Japan - July 2011
Solar Energy Market in Bulgaria - July 2011
Broadcast and Telecom Market in Singapore - April 2011
Publishing Market in Finland - April 2011
Dental Market in Austria - May 2011
Education Market in India - May 2011
Renewable Energy Market in Romania - May 2011
Laboratory and Scientific Instruments Market in Mexico - May 2011
Textile and Apparel Market in Ukraine - May 2011
Pharmaceutical Market in Serbia - May 2011
Pet Food and Accessories Market in the Czech Republic - May 2011
Wireless Telecommunications Market in Canada - May 2011
Book Market in Taiwan - May 2011
Packaging Equipment Market in Taiwan - May 2011
Pet Products Market in Poland - May 2011
National Infrastructure Projects in Mexico - May 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Market in Uruguay - May 2011
Largest Companies in Saudi Arabia (Excel Spreadsheet) - July 2011
Renewable Energy Equipment Market in Canada - January 2011
Automotive Parts and Accessories Market in the United Kingdom - January 2011
Pharmaceutical Market in Portugal - January 2011
Franchising Market in the United Kingdom - January 2011
Energy Market in Greece - January 2011
Value-Added Tax (VAT) in the European Union - January 2011
Oil and Gas Market in Peru - January 2011
Solar Energy Market in Italy - January 2011
Audiovisual Market in Uruguay - January 2011
Rare Earth Elements Market in Japan - February 2011
Consumer Electronics and AV Equipment Market in Hungary - February 2011
Renewable Energy and Alternative Fuels Market in Slovakia - February 2011
Agricultural Machinery Market in Chile - February 2011
Book Publishing Market in Chile - February 2011
Cellular Communications Market in Thailand - February 2011
Electrical Power Systems Equipment in Thailand - February 2011
Pharmaceutical and Medical Device Market in Kansai in Japan - February 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Market in Germany - February 2011
Book Publishing Market in the Philippines - February 2011
Vehicles, Automotive Parts and Accessories Market in Ecuador - February 2011
Professional Cleaning Machinery and Products Market in Italy - February 2011
Portable Water Equipment Market in Mexico - March 2011
Safety and Securities Market in Italy - March 2011
Safety and Security Equipment and Services Market in Austria - March 2011
ICT Market in Argentina - March 2011
Security Equipment Market in Singapore - March 2011
Municipal Solid Waste Management Market in Peru - March 2011
Importing Nutritional Supplements and Cosmetics Market in Germany - March 2011
Color Cosmetics Market in Germany - March 2011
Composites Market in Germany - March 2011
Printing and Publishing Equipment Market in India - March 2011
Thermal Power Generation Equipment Market in Peru - March 2011
Franchising Market in Serbia - March 2011
Commercial Food Processing Machinery Market in Australia - March 2011
Industrial Fabrics Market in Japan - March 2011
Photovoltaic Products and Services Market in Greece - March 2011
Wind Energy Market in Greece - March 2011
Transportation Security Equipment Market in the Czech Republic - March 2011
Travel and Tourism Market in Slovakia - March 2011
Renewable Energy Equipment Market in Jordan - March 2011
Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Market in Sweden - March 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Market in Norway - March 2011
Materials Handling Equipment Market in Greece - March 2011
Coal and Mining Equipment Market in Russia - March 2011
Medical Products Market in Turkey - April 2011
Green Building Market in Belgium - April 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Market in Belgium - April 2011
Aerospace Equipment Market in Finland - April 2011
New Policies on Offsets in Defense Contracts in the European Union - April 2011
Chemical and Petrochemical Market in Kazakhstan - April 2011
Outbound Travel and Tourism Market in Switzerland - April 2011

 

Copyright 1999- 2011 VirtualSources