Information on Countries from Around the World
Home
 Choose a place and go.......
Google
 
 
 Comoros
 
Flag of Comoros is four equal horizontal bands of yellow at top, white, red, and blue with green isosceles triangle based on hoist; centered within triangle is white crescent with convex side facing hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed vertically in line between points of crescent.

PROFILE

OFFICIAL NAME:
Union of Comoros

GeographyMap of Comoros
 

Area: 2,171 sq. km. (838 sq. mi.); slightly less than half the size of Delaware. Major islands--Grande Comore (1,025 sq. km.), Anjouan (424 sq. km.), Mayotte (374 sq. km.), and Moheli (211 sq. km.).
Cities: Capital--Moroni (pop. 30,000); Mutsamudu (pop. 20,000). 
Terrain: Rugged.
Climate: Tropical marine.

People 
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Comoran(s).
Population (2006 est.): 690,948. Mayotte (1990 est.)--70,000. 
Annual growth rate (2006 est.): 2.87%.
Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%.
Languages: Shikomoro (a Swahili-Arabic blend), Arabic (official), French (official).
Education: Attendance--60% primary, 34% secondary. Literacy--56.5%. 
Health: Life expectancy--62.33 yrs. Infant mortality rate--72.85/1,000. 
Work force (1996): 144,500. Agriculture--80%.

Government 
Type: Republic.
Independence: July 6, 1975 (Mayotte remains under French administration). 
Constitution: Adopted by referendum on December 23, 2001.
Branches: Executive--national president; regional island presidents. Legislative--National Assembly. Judicial--traditional Muslim and codified law from French sources. 
Political parties: 17 political parties.
Suffrage: Universal adult.

Economy 
GDP (purchasing power parity): $419 million.
Annual growth rate: 0.5%. 
Per capita income: $720.
Agriculture (40% of GDP): Products--vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra, banana, cassava, coconuts.
Services (56% of GDP): Commerce, tourism.
Industry (4% of GDP): Types--perfume distillation.
Trade: Exports (1999 est.)--$7.9 million: vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra. Major markets--France, Germany. Imports (1998 est.)--$35.84 million: rice, petroleum, meat, wheat flour, cotton textiles, cement. Major suppliers--France 38%, Pakistan 13%, Kenya 8%, South Africa 8%.

PEOPLE 
The Comorans inhabiting Grande Comore, Anjouan, and Moheli (86% of the population) share African-Arab origins. Islam is the dominant religion, and Koranic schools for children reinforce its influence. Although Arab culture is firmly established throughout the archipelago, a substantial minority of the citizens of Mayotte (the Mahorais) are Catholic and have been strongly influenced by French culture.

The most common language is Shikomoro, a Swahili dialect. French and Arabic also are spoken. About 57% of the population is literate.

HISTORY 
Over the centuries, the islands were invaded by a succession of diverse groups from the coast of Africa, the Persian Gulf, Indonesia, and Madagascar. Portuguese explorers visited the archipelago in 1505. "Shirazi" Arab migrants introduced Islam at about the same time. Between 1841 and 1912, France established colonial rule over Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Moheli and placed the islands under the administration of the governor general of Madagascar. Later, French settlers, French-owned companies, and wealthy Arab merchants established a plantation-based economy that now uses about one-third of the land for export crops. After World War II, the islands became a French overseas territory and were represented in France's National Assembly. Internal political autonomy was granted in 1961. Agreement was reached with France in 1973 for Comoros to become independent in 1978. On July 6, 1975, however, the Comoran parliament passed a resolution declaring unilateral independence. The deputies of Mayotte abstained. As a result, the Comoran Government has effective control over only Grande Comore, Anjouan, and Moheli. Mayotte remains under French administration.

GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL CONDITIONS 
The Union of Comoros is ruled by President Ahmed Abdallah Sambi. Comoros has been plagued by political instability and civil strife following numerous coups and secession attempts since independence from France in 1975. Former President Azali seized power in a bloodless coup in April 1999, overthrowing interim President Tadijiddine Ben Said Massounde, who himself had held the office since the death of democratically elected President Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim in November 1998. In May 1999, Azali decreed a constitution that gave him both executive and legislative powers. When Azali took power, he had pledged to step down in 2000 and relinquish control to a democratically elected president. Instead, in 2001, Azali resigned from the military and ran as a civilian candidate for the national presidency. He was elected in 2002 in flawed but fair elections.

On May 26, 2006, following a two-stage electoral process that was generally free and fair, Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi was installed as the new President of the Union of the Comoros. The inauguration of President Sambi in June 2006 marked the first democratic transition of power in Comoran history. In June 2007, individual island elections on Grande Comore and Moheli were held on schedule and judged to have been free and fair. On the Anjouan, however, island governor Mohamed Bacar refused to step down, held a sham election and declared himself Island Governor for another term. In March of this year, Comoran and African Union (AU) forces restored constitutional rule on Anjouan. A new election for island governor was held on June 15.

Principal Government Officials 
President--Ahmed Abdallah Sambi
Minister of Foreign Affairs--Ahmed Ben Said Jaffar
Ambassador to the United States and to the United Nations--Mohamed Toihiri 

Comoros maintains a mission to the United States at 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 418 New York, NY 10017 (tel. 212-750-1637). 
 

ECONOMY 
Comoros, with an estimated gross domestic product (GDP) per capita income of about $700, is among the world's poorest and least developed nations. Although the quality of the land differs from island to island, most of the widespread lava-encrusted soil formations are unsuited to agriculture. As a result, most of the inhabitants make their living from subsistence agriculture and fishing.

 

Agriculture, involving more than 80% of the population and 40% of the gross domestic product, provides virtually all foreign exchange earnings. Services including tourism, construction, and commercial activities constitute the remainder of the GDP. Plantations engage a large proportion of the population in producing the islands' major cash crops for export: vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, and copra. Comoros is the world's leading producer of essence of ylang-ylang, used in manufacturing perfume. It also is the world's second-largest producer of vanilla. Principal food crops are coconuts, bananas, and cassava. Foodstuffs constitute 32% of total imports.

The country lacks the infrastructure necessary for development. Some villages are not linked to the main road system or at best are connected by tracks usable only by four-wheel-drive vehicles. The islands' ports are rudimentary, although a deepwater facility functions in Anjouan. Only small vessels can approach the existing quays in Moroni on Grande Comore, despite improvements. Long-distance, ocean-going ships must lie offshore and be unloaded by smaller boats; during the cyclone season, this procedure is dangerous, and ships are reluctant to call at the island. Most freight is sent first to Mombasa, Kenya or the island of Reunion and transshipped from there.

France, Comoros' major trading partner, finances small projects only. The United States receives a growing percentage of Comoros' exports but supplies only a negligible fraction of its imports (less than 1%).

Comoros has an international airport at Hahaya on Grande Comore. Comoros has its own currency, the Comorian Franc, which is currently valued at 557 CF = U.S. $1.

NATIONAL SECURITY 
The military resources of the Comoros consist of a small standing army and a 500-member police force, as well as a 500-member defense force. A defense treaty with France provides naval resources for protection of territorial waters, training of Comorian military personnel, and air surveillance. France maintains a small maritime base and a Foreign Legion contingent on Mayotte.

FOREIGN RELATIONS 
In November 1975, Comoros became the 143rd member of the United Nations. The new nation was defined as consisting of the entire archipelago, despite the fact that France maintains control over Mayotte.

Comoros also is a member of the African Union, the European Development Fund, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Indian Ocean Commission, and the African Development Bank.

U.S.-COMORIAN RELATIONS 
The United States recognized the Comoran Government in 1977. The two countries enjoy friendly relations. The U.S. closed its Embassy in Moroni in 1993 and is now represented by a nonresident Ambassador in neighboring Madagascar.

Principal U.S. Embassy Officials (all officers resident in Antananarivo, Madagascar)
Ambassador--R. Niels Marquardt
Deputy Chief of Mission--Eric Stromayer
Management Officer--Stephen Dodson
Public Affairs Officer--Rodney Ford 
Political-Economic-Commercial Chief--Dovie Holland
Political Officer--Jeff Hulse
Political-Economic-Commercial Officer for Comoros--Brian Neubert
Regional Security Officer--Christopher Gillis 
Consular Officer--vacant 

The address of the U.S. Embassy in Madagascar is 14-16 Rue Rainitovo, Antsahavola, Antananarivo. The mailing address is B.P. 620, Antsahavola, Antananarivo, Madagascar (tel: 261-20-22-212-57; fax: 261-20-22-345-39; E-mail:uswebmaster@wanadoo.mg).

 
  Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Britain
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burma
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo (Republic)
Congo (DRC)
Costa Rica
Cote D'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holland
Holy See
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea (North)
Korea (South)
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Morocco
Namibia
Mozambique
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
North Korea
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Vincent  &  The Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tajikistan
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

International Market Research Reports
Over 130 topics from more than 75 countries - Reports include market size information, market access strategies, market share, export and import information, market analysis, market trends, competition, domestic production, best sales prospects, statistical data, tariffs, regulations, distribution and business practices, end-user analysis, trade shows and contact points.
internationalbusinessstrategies.com

Culture Collective
Cultcollect.com is a collaborative online magazine and store. It is a place for creators to showcase and market their work, and for visitors to experience or buy new and original creations from around the world. Get to know different people, perspectives and places.
www.cultcollect.com

Weekend Group Travel DC
Activities, dinners, hiking, biking, ski trips, cocktails on the beach. Join us for weekend group trips around the Washington, DC area. Solo travelers and groups welcome!
www.weekendgrouptravel.com

 

 

 

 
 
Recommended Current International Market Research

Medical Consumables and Disposables in the UAE - December 2008
Hospital Construction Projects in Hong Kong - December 2008
Hospitality Training Services Market in Hong Kong - December 2008
Green Building Market in The UK - December 2008
Postsecondary Education Market In the Far East of Russia - December 2008
Wireless Telecommunications Market in Canada - December 2008
Agricultural Equipment Market in Canada - December 2008
Non-Ferrous Metals Market in Monterrey in Mexico - December 2008
Retail Channels in Korea - December 2008
Consumer Electronics Market in Australia - December 2008
Scientific Equipment in the Mining Industry in Australia - December 2008
IT Market in Hungary - December 2008
Oil and Gas Drilling Equipment in Colombia - December 2008
Agricultural Machinery in Ukraine - December 2008
Airport and Harbor Security in Australia - December 2008
Financial Sector in Spain - December 2008
Natural Cosmetics in Germany - December 2008
Telecommunications in Australia - December 2008
IT Security Technology For The Financial Industry In Hong Kong - December 2008
Selling to the Government in Hong Kong - December 2008
Waste Management in Hong Kong - December 2008
Healthcare Products and Services Market in Singapore - December 2008
Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industry in Singapore - November 2008
Equipment Manufacturing in Chongqing in China - November 2008
Green Plastics and Plastics Market in Germany - November 2008
Construction Industry in Austria - November 2008
Renewable Energy Equipment Market in Thailand - November 2008
Agricultural Machinery in Slovakia - November 2008
MR-137 Funding in Security Research in the EU - November 2008
Pumps, Valves, and Compressors in Ecuador - November 2008
Energy Sector in Ecuador - November 2008
Textile Machinery In Mexico - November 2008
Air Cargo Transportation in Mexico - November 2008
Airport Security in Japan - November 2008
Broadband Market in Japan - November 2008
Fruit and Vegetable Packing Machinery in India - November 2008
Outbound Tourism to the US from Finland - November 2008
Medical Equipment Market in Finland - November 2008
Aircraft and Aircraft Parts Market In Finland - November 2008
Water and Wastewater Industry in Brazil - November 2008
Higher Education in Malaysia - November 2008
Sensor Industry in Korea - November 2008
Printing and Graphic Arts Equipment in Thailand - November 2008
Construction and Building Materials Market in Vietnam - November 2008
ICT Market in Vietnam - November 2008
Outbound Travel and Tourism to the US from Vietnam - November 2008
Outbound MICE Market to US from Japan - November 2008
Mining Industry in Peru - December 2008
Procurement Process in EU - December 2008
Renewable Energy in Switzerland - December 2008
Franchising in Colombia - December 2008
Food Processing Equipment in Argentina - December 2008
Medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Equipment in Canada - July 2008
Cosmetics, Skincare and Toiletry Products in Hong Kong - July 2008
Major Infrastructure Projects in Hong Kong - July 2008
Corporate Giftware and Consumer Goods in Argentina - July 2008
Major Construction Projects in Saudi Arabia - July 2008
Food Safety Testing Equipment in Thailand - July 2008
Cosmetics and Toiletries Market in Japan - July 2008
Automotive Parts Market in Germany - July 2008
Dental Industry in Singapore - July 2008
Automotive OEM Parts in Germany - July 2008
Authorization and Registration of Pharmaceuticals in the European Union - July 2008
Furniture Industry in Canada - July 2008
Cosmetics And Toiletries Market In Australia And New Zealand - July 2008
Renewable Energy Industry in India - August 2008
ICT Security in Italy - August 2008
Electrical Power Systems in Canada - August 2008
Tourism Projects in Slovakia - August 2008
Motorcycles and Scooters Market in Germany - August 2008
Defense Market in Hungary - August 2008
Higher Education Market in Vietnam - August 2008
Cellular Services in Indonesia - August 2008
Insurance Industry in Indonesia - August 2008
Medical Equipment and Supplies in Ecuador - August 2008
Apparel and Footwear Franchising in Poland - October 2008
Medical Device Market in the Czech Republic - October 2008
Study Abroad to the US from Venezuela - October 2008
Medical Equipment and Supplies in Thailand - October 2008
Cosmetics in Thailand - October 2008
Healthcare Market in Poland - October 2008
Defense Market in Poland - October 2008
Automotive Aftermarket Accessories and Specialty Equipment in Portugal - October 2008
Biodiesel Market in China - October 2008
Digital Media in Mexico - October 2008
Household Appliances Market in Germany - October 2008
Dental Industry in Taiwan - October 2008
Mining Industry in the Philippines - October 2008
Pharmaceutical Industry in the Philippines - October 2008
Automobiles Auto Parts and Accessories Industry in Slovakia - October 2008
Clinical Laboratory Equipment Market in Norway - October 2008
Book Publishing Market in China - October 2008
Wind Energy Market in China - October 2008
Internet Security Market in Switzerland - October 2008
Ski Market to the United States from Australia - October 2008
Motorcycles Market in Italy - October 2008
Automotive Tuning Market in Italy - October 2008
Geothermal Energy Market in Indonesia - October 2008
Generic Drugs Market in Japan - October 2008
Tancredo Neves International Airport - Industrial Airport Project in Brazil - November 2008
Floor Covering Industry in Germany - November 2008
Pleasure Boats Market in Germany - November 2008
Medical Equipment and Devices Market in Switzerland - November 2008
Energy Market in Greece - November 2008
Economic Overview of Minas Gerais in Brazil - November 2008
Agricultural Machinery and Equipment in Uruguay - November 2008
Franchising in Singapore - November 2008
Aircraft and Aircraft Parts Market in Argentina - November 2008
Green Building and Green Building Material Market in Taiwan - November 2008
Defense Procurement Market in Greece - November 2008
Medical Equipment Market in Italy - November 2008
Laboratory Analytical Instruments Market in Taiwan - November 2008
DIY (Do-It-Yourself) Hardware Products Market in Australia - November 2008
Cardio Equipment Market in Kazakhstan - November 2008
Airport Expansion Projects in the UK - November 2008
Medical Industry Market in Austria - November 2008
Green Building Technology in Japan - August 2008
Mining Equipment in Kazakhstan - August 2008
Biofuels in Indonesia - August 2008
Heavy Equipment Market in Indonesia - August 2008
Business Continuity Planning Industry in Japan - August 2008
Machine Tools in Japan - August 2008
Aquaculture Equipment Industry in Canada - August 2008
Cosmetics Market in the Philippines - August 2008
Agricultural Chemicals in Kazakhstan - August 2008
Overseas Study Market in Chongqing in China - August 2008
Water Supply And Wastewater Disposal in Germany - August 2008
Sending Samples from the US to Mexico - August 2008
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Market in Japan - August 2008
Education Market in the Czech Republic - August 2008
Healthcare Industry in Japan - August 2008
Internet and Online Services in China - August 2008
IT Security Products in Australia - August 2008
Clinical Laboratory Market in China - August 2008
Printing and Graphic Arts Industry in Mexico - August 2008
Book Publishing Market in Belgium - August 2008
Electronics Industry in the Czech Republic - August 2008
Automotive Industry in the Czech Republic - August 2008
Cosmetics and Toiletries in New Zealand - August 2008
Franchising in India - August 2008
Diagnostic Laboratory Test Products in Hong Kong - August 2008
Packaging Equipment, Materials and Containers in Argentina - August 2008
Franchising in Denmark - August 2008
Graduate Student Market in Canada - August 2008
Defense Market in the UK - August 2008
UAVs in the Defence Industry in Canada - August 2008
Business Aviation Industry in Japan - August 2008
Retail Loss Prevention Systems in Canada - August 2008
Regulatory Environment for Medical Devices in Taiwan - August 2008
Bookselling Industry in the UK - August 2008
Micro- and Nanomanufacturing Market in Germany - August 2008
Tourism Infrastructure Investment in Thailand - August 2008
Cosmetics and Toiletries Market in Singapore - August 2008
Furniture Industry in Brazil - August 2008
Automotive Framework Legislation in the EU - August 2008
Insurance Services in India - August 2008
Wind Energy in Germany - August 2008
Digital Broadcast Market In Turkey - August 2008
Electronics Industry in Thailand - August 2008
Conformity Assessments in Panama - August 2008
Toys and Games Industry in Canada - August 2008
Water Filtration Equipment Industry in Canada - August 2008
Caravans and Trailers in Australia - July 2008
Mine Safety Equipment in India - July 2008
Dental Industry in Germany - July 2008
E-Health Market in Germany - July 2008
Publishing Industry in Mexico - July 2008
Automotive Aftermarket Parts and Accessories and Service Equipment in Canada - July 2008
Oil and Gas Projects in Malaysia - July 2008
Transport Sector Public Private Partnerships General Legal Framework in Egypt - July 2008
Dental Industry in Korea - July 2008
Cosmetics Market in Indonesia - July 2008
Personal Care in China - July 2008
Broadband Market in Singapore - September 2008
Soil Remediation in Japan - September 2008
Business Aviation Industry in Mexico - September 2008
Education Services in Taiwan - September 2008
Specialty Food in Italy - September 2008
Pumps for Water and Wastewater Industry in Poland - September 2008
WiMAX in Taiwan - September 2008
Dental Supplies and Equipment in Mexico - September 2008
Water Supply and Treatment in Ukraine - September 2008
Commercial and Heavy-Duty Vehicles in Austria - September 2008
Renewable Energy and Microgeneration in Portugal - September 2008
Alternative Drives for Electric and Hybrid Technology Vehicles in Germany - September 2008
Water and Wastewater Industry in Hungary - September 2008
Energy Market in Italy - September 2008
Construction Market in Bulgaria - September 2008
Power Generation Equipment in India - September 2008
Construction Equipment in Panama - September 2008
Video Games Market in Hong Kong - September 2008
Packaging Machinery Market in Mexico - September 2008
Cosmetics Market in Kenya - September 2008
Aircraft and Parts in Austria - September 2008
Wireless Communications in Thailand - September 2008
Water and Wastewater in Malaysia - September 2008
Fast Moving Consumer Goods in Australia - September 2008
Poultry Farming in Australia - September 2008
Energy Efficiency and Green Buildings Market in Hong Kong - September 2008
Printing Machinery and Equipment in Poland - September 2008
Specialty Software Market in China - September 2008
Airport Surveillance And Security Equipment in India - September 2008
Plastics Industry in Morocco - September 2008
Healthcare Information Technology in Malaysia - September 2008
Automotive Aftermarket in Korea - September 2008
Water Supply and Distribution in Indonesia - September 2008
Men’s Wear Apparel in Japan - September 2008
Security Equipment and Services in Slovakia - September 2008
PDVSA’s Oil and Gas Projects in Venezuela - September 2008
Environmental Services Market in Mexico - September 2008
Food Processing and Packaging Equipment in Uruguay - September 2008
Outbound Tourism to the US from Taiwan - September 2008
Medical Equipment Market in Greece - September 2008
Broadband Market in Sweden - September 2008
Outbound Tourism to the US from Italy - September 2008
Veterinary Equipment Market in Uruguay - September 2008
Capital Markets in Uruguay - September 2008
Financial Services in Panama - September 2008
Pan-European Oil Pipeline Project Romania to Italy - October 2008
ICT Market in Italy - October 2008
IT Security Software in Germany - October 2008
Medical Devices in Germany - October 2008
Book Market in Taiwan - October 2008
Natural Health Products in Canada - October 2008
Building Insulation Products in Italy - October 2008
Industrial Chemical Industry in Monterrey in Mexico - October 2008
Medical Equipment Market in Hungary - October 2008
Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) in Argentina - October 2008
Safety and Security Industry in Colombia - October 2008
Outbound Travel to the US from Mexico - October 2008
E-Government in Poland - October 2008
Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Industry in Germany - October 2008
Material Handling Machinery in Canada - October 2008
Agricultural Chemical Market in Chihuahua in Mexico - October 2008
Medical Biotechnology in Japan - October 2008
Nuclear Power Generation in South Africa - October 2008
Mining Equipment in Australia - October 2008
Dental Equipment in Jordan - October 2008
Manufacturing Software – CAD/CAM in India - October 2008
Agriculture, Fertilizer, Food and Grocery Retail in Egypt - October 2008
Aircraft and Parts in Australia - October 2008
 

Copyright 1999- 2008  VirtualSources