Republic of Suriname
Area: 163,194 sq. km. (63,037 sq. mi.); slightly
larger than Georgia.
Cities: Capital--Paramaribo (pop.
243,556). Other cities--Nieuw Nickerie,
Terrain: Varies from coastal swamps to savanna
Population (2004 census): 492,829.
Annual growth rate (2004): 1.30%.
Ethnic groups: Hindustani (East Indian) 27%,
Creole 18%, Javanese 15%, Maroon 15%, Mixed
12.5%, Amerindians 3.7%, Chinese 1.8%
(percentages from 2004 census).
Religions: Hindu, Muslim, Roman Catholic, Dutch
Reformed, Moravian, several other Christian
denominations, Jewish, Baha'i.
Languages: Dutch (official), English, Sranan
Tongo (Creole language), Hindustani, Javanese.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-12.
Literacy--90%. Health: Infant
mortality rate (2000)--27.1/1,000. Life
expectancy (2003)--71 yrs.
Work force (100,000): Government--35%;
private sector--41%; parastatal companies--10%;
Type: Constitutional democracy.
Constitution: September 30, 1987.
Independence: November 25, 1975.
Branches: Executive--president, vice
president, Council of Ministers. Legislative--elected
51-member National Assembly made up of
representatives of political parties.
Judicial--Court of Justice.
Administrative subdivisions: 10 districts.
Political parties: Governing Coalition--National
Party of Suriname (NPS), Progressive Reform
Party (VHP), Pertjaja Luhur, Suriname Workers
Party (SPA). Other parties in the National
Assembly--Democratic Alternative '91 (DA
91), Democratic National Platform (DNP) 2000,
Political Wing of the FAL (Federation of
Agricultural Workers), Progressive Workers and
Farmers Union (PALU), National Democratic Party
(NDP), Democratic Party (DP), Javanese
Indonesian Peasants Party (KTPI), Independent
Progressive Democratic Alternative (OPDA).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
GDP (2004 est.): U.S. $1.885 million.
Annual growth rate real GDP (2004 est.): 4.2%.
Per capita GDP (2004 est.): $4,300.
Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, oil, iron ore,
other minerals; forests; hydroelectric
potential; fish and shrimp.
Agriculture: Products--rice, bananas,
timber, and citrus fruits.
Industry: Types--alumina, oil, fish,
shrimp, gold, lumber.
Trade (2001): Exports--$479 million
(U.S.$): alumina, wood and wood products, rice,
bananas, fish, and shrimp. Major markets--U.S.
(about 25%), Norway, Netherlands, and other
European countries. Imports--$501
million: capital equipment, petroleum, iron and
steel products, agricultural products, and
consumer goods. Major suppliers--U.S.
(about 40%), Netherlands, EU (about 30%), and
Caribbean (CARICOM) countries (20%).
Most Surinamers live in the narrow, northern
coastal plain. The population is one of the most
ethnically varied in the world. Each ethnic
group preserves its own culture and many
institutions, including political parties, tend
to follow ethnic lines. Informal relationships
vary: the upper classes of all ethnic
backgrounds mix freely; outside of the elite,
social relations tend to remain within ethnic
groupings. All groups may be found in the
schools and workplace.
Arawak and Carib tribes lived in the region
before Columbus sighted the coast in 1498. Spain
officially claimed the area in 1593, but
Portuguese and Spanish explorers of the time
gave the area little attention. Dutch settlement
began in 1616 at the mouths of several rivers
between present-day Georgetown, Guyana, and
Cayenne, French Guiana.
Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. The
new colony, Dutch Guiana, did not thrive.
Historians cite several reasons for this,
including Holland's preoccupation with its more
extensive (and profitable) East Indian
territories, violent conflict between whites and
native tribes, and frequent uprisings by the
imported slave population, which was often
treated with extraordinary cruelty. Barely, if
at all, assimilated into European society, many
of the slaves fled to the interior, where they
maintained a West African culture and
established the five major Bush Negro tribes in
existence today--the Djuka, Saramaccaner,
Matuwari, Paramaccaner, and Quinti.
Plantations steadily declined in importance
as labor costs rose. Rice, bananas, and citrus
fruits replaced the traditional crops of sugar,
coffee, and cocoa. Exports of gold rose
beginning in 1900. The Dutch Government gave
little financial support to the colony.
Suriname's economy was transformed in the years
following World War I, when an American firm
(ALCOA) began exploiting bauxite deposits in
East Suriname. Bauxite processing and then
alumina production began in 1916. During World
War II, more than 75% of U.S. bauxite imports
came from Suriname.
In 1951, Suriname began to acquire a growing
measure of autonomy from the Netherlands.
Suriname became an autonomous part of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands on December 15, 1954,
and gained independence on November 25, 1975.
Most of Suriname's political parties took
shape during the autonomy period and were
overwhelmingly based on ethnicity. For example,
the National Party of Suriname found its support
among the Creoles, the Progressive Reform Party
members came from the Hindustani population, and
the Indonesian Peasant's Party was Javanese.
Other smaller parties found support by appealing
to voters on an ideological or pro-independence
platform; the Partij Nationalistische Republiek
(PNR) was among the most important. Its members
pressed most strongly for independence and for
the introduction of leftist political and
economic measures. Many former PNR members would
go on to play a key role following the coup of
Suriname was a working parliamentary
democracy in the years immediately following
independence. Henk Arron became the first Prime
Minister and was re-elected in 1977. On February
25, 1980, 16 noncommissioned officers overthrew
the elected government. The military-dominated
government then suspended the constitution,
dissolved the legislature, and formed a regime
that ruled by decree. Although a civilian filled
the post of president, a military man, Desi
Bouterse, actually ruled the country.
Throughout 1982, pressure grew for a return
to civilian rule. In response, the military
ordered drastic action. Early in December 1982,
military authorities arrested and killed 15
prominent opposition leaders, including
journalists, lawyers, and trade union leaders.
Following the murders, the United States and
the Netherlands suspended economic and military
cooperation with the Bouterse regime, which
increasingly began to follow an erratic but
generally leftist-oriented political course.
Economic decline rapidly set in after the
suspension of economic aid from the Netherlands.
The regime restricted the press and limited the
rights of its citizens.
Continuing economic decline brought pressure
for change. During the 1984-87 period, the
Bouterse regime tried to end the crisis by
appointing a succession of nominally
civilian-led cabinets. Many figures in the
government came from the traditional political
parties that had been shoved aside during the
coup. The military eventually agreed to free
elections in 1987, a new constitution, and a
Another pressure for change had erupted in
July 1986, when a Bush Negro (aka Maroon)
insurgency, led by former soldier Ronnie
Brunswijk, began attacking economic targets in
the country's interior. In response, the army
ravaged villages and killed suspected Brunswijk
supporters. Thousands of Bush Negroes fled to
nearby French Guiana. In an effort to end the
bloodshed, the Surinamese Government negotiated
a peace treaty, called the Kourou Accord, with
Brunswijk in 1989. However, Bouterse and other
military leaders blocked the accord's
On December 24, 1990, military officers
forced the resignations of the civilian
President and Vice President elected in 1987.
Military-selected replacements were hastily
approved by the National Assembly on December
29. Faced with mounting pressure from the U.S.,
other nations, the Organization of American
States (OAS), and other international
organizations, the government held new elections
on May 25, 1991. The New Front (NF) Coalition,
comprised of the Creole National Party of
Suriname (NPS), the Hindustani Progressive
Reform Party (VHP), the Javanese Indonesian
Peasant's Party (KTPI), and the Surinamese
Workers Party (SPA) were able to win a majority
in the National Assembly. On September 6, 1991,
NPS candidate Ronald Venetiaan was elected
President, and the VHP's Jules Ajodhia became
Vice President of the New Front Coalition
The Venetiaan government was able to effect a
settlement to Suriname's domestic insurgency
through the August 1992 Peace Accord with Bush
Negro and Amerindian rebels. In April 1993, Desi
Bouterse left his position as commander of the
armed forces and was replaced by Arthy Gorre, a
military officer committed to bringing the armed
forces under civilian government control.
Economic reforms instituted by the Venetiaan
government eventually helped curb inflation,
unify the official and unofficial exchange
rates, and improve the government's economic
situation by re-establishing relations with the
Dutch, thereby opening the way for a major
influx of Dutch financial assistance. Despite
these successes, the governing coalition lost
support and failed to retain control of the
government in the subsequent round of national
elections. The rival National Democratic Party (NDP),
founded in the early 1990s by Desi Bouterse,
benefited from the New Front government's loss
of popularity. The NDP won more National
Assembly seats (16 of 51) than any other party
in the May 1996 national elections and in
September 1996, joined with the KTPI, dissenters
from the VHP, and several smaller parties to
elect NDP vice chairman Jules Wijdenbosch
president of a NDP-led coalition government.
Divisions and subsequent reshufflings of
coalition members in the fall of 1997 and early
1998 weakened the coalition's mandate and slowed
In May 1999, after mass demonstrations
protesting poor economic conditions, the
government was forced to call early elections.
The elections in May 2000 returned Ronald
Venetiaan and his coalition to the presidency.
The NF ran its campaign on a platform to fix the
faltering Surinamese economy. But while the
Venetiaan administration has made progress in
stabilizing the economy, tensions within the
coalition and the impatience of the populace
have impeded progress.
Relations with the Dutch have been
complicated by Dutch prosecution of Desi
Bouterse in absentia on drug charges, and legal
maneuvering by Dutch prosecutors trying to bring
charges relating to the December 1982 murders.
(A Dutch appellate court in 2000 found Bouterse
guilty of one drug-related charge; the decision
was upheld on appeal.) A key component of the
relationship is the 600 million Dutch guilders (Nf.)
remaining from Nf. 2.5 billion promised for
development at independence. The disposition of
the funds was a matter of much discussion during
recent Dutch cabinet-level visits intended to
lay the groundwork to restart the flow of
guilders, which the Dutch stanched in response
to irresponsible spending by the Wijdenbosch
administration. The parties are at odds over the
control of the funds, and needed aid has not
flowed to the country.
In August 2001, the Dutch provided a triple-A
state guarantee to enable the Surinamese
Government to receive a 10-year loan from the
Dutch Development Bank (NTO) for the amount of
Euro 137.7 million (U.S. $125 million). The loan
has an interest rate of 5.18% per year and was
used to consolidate floating government debts.
U.S. $32 million of the loan was used to pay off
foreign loans, which had been taken under
unfavorable conditions by the Wijdenbosch
government. The remaining 93 million of the loan
was used to pay off debts at the Central Bank of
Suriname. This enabled the Central Bank to
strengthen its foreign currency position
according to the IMF standards to the
equivalency of 3 months of imports.
In the national election held on May 25,
2005, the ruling NF coalition suffered a
significant setback due to widespread
dissatisfaction with the state of the economy
and a public perception that the NF had produce
few tangible gains for the country. The NF won
just 23 seats, falling short of a simple
majority in the National Assembly, and
immediately entered into negotiations with the
Maroon-based “A” Combination and the A-1
Coalition to form a working majority. Desi
Bouterse’s NDP better than doubled its
representation in the National Assembly, winning
15 seats. Bouterse, who had placed himself as
the NDP’s declared presidential candidate,
withdrew from the race days before the National
Assembly convened to vote for the next president
and tapped his running mate, Rabin Parmessar, to
run as the NDP’s candidate. In the National
Assembly, the NF challenged Parmessar’s
Surinamese citizenship, displaying copies of a
Dutch passport issued to Parmessar in 2004.
After two votes, no candidate received the
required two-thirds majority, pushing the final
decision in August 2005 to a special session of
the United People’s Assembly, where President
Venetiaan was reelected with a significant
majority of votes from the local, district, and
national assembly members gathered. His running
mate, Ramdien Sardjoe, was elected as vice
The Republic of Suriname is a constitutional
democracy based on the 1987 constitution. The
legislative branch of government consists of a
51-member unicameral National Assembly,
simultaneously and popularly elected for a
The executive branch is headed by the
president, who is elected by a two-thirds
majority of the National Assembly or, failing
that, by a majority of the People's Assembly for
a 5-year term. If at least two-thirds of the
National Assembly cannot agree to vote for one
presidential candidate, a People's Assembly is
formed from all National Assembly delegates and
regional and municipal representatives who were
elected by popular vote in the most recent
national election. A vice president, normally
elected at the same time as the president, needs
a simple majority in the National Assembly or
People's Assembly to be elected for a 5-year
term. As head of government, the president
appoints a cabinet of ministers. There is no
constitutional provision for removal or
replacement of the president unless he resigns.
A 15-member State Advisory Council advises
the president in the conduct of policy. Eleven
of the 15 council seats are allotted by
proportional representation of all political
parties represented in the National Assembly.
The president chairs the council, and two seats
are allotted to representatives of labor, and
two are allotted to employers' organizations.
The judiciary is headed by the Court of
Justice (Supreme Court). This court supervises
the magistrate courts. Members are appointed for
life by the president in consultation with the
National Assembly, the State Advisory Council,
and the National Order of Private Attorneys.
The country is divided into 10 administrative
districts, each headed by a district
commissioner appointed by the president. The
commissioner is similar to the governor of a
U.S. State but serves at the president's
Principal Government Officials
President--Runaldo Ronald Venetiaan
Vice President--Ramdien Sardjoe
Foreign Minister--Lygia Kraag-Keteldijk
Ambassador to U.S.--Henry Lothar Illes
Ambassador to UN--Ewald Limon
Ambassador to OAS--Henry Lothar Illes
Suriname maintains an
embassy in the United States at 4301
Connecticut Ave, NW, Suite 460, Washington, DC
20008 (tel. 202-244-7488; fax 202-244-5878).
There also is a Suriname consulate general at
7235 NW 19th St., Suite A, Miami, FL 33136 (tel.
Surinamese armed forces consist of the national
army under the control of the Minister of
Defense and a smaller civil police force, which
is responsible to the Minister of Justice and
Police. The national armed forces comprise some
2,200 personnel, the majority of whom are
deployed as light infantry security forces. A
small air force, navy, and military police also
exist. The Netherlands has provided limited
military assistance to the Surinamese armed
forces since the election of a democratic
government in 1991. In recent years, the U.S.
has provided training to military officers and
policymakers to promote a better understanding
of the role of the military in a civilian
government. Also, since the mid-1990s, the
People's Republic of China has been donating
military equipment and logistical material to
the Surinamese Armed Forces.
The backbone of Suriname's economy is the export
of alumina and small amounts of aluminum
produced from bauxite mined in the country. In
1999, the aluminum smelter was closed. However,
alumina exports accounted for 72% of Suriname's
estimated export earnings of $496.6 million in
2001. Suriname's bauxite deposits have been
among the world's richest.
In 1984, SURALCO, a subsidiary of the
Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA), formed a
joint venture with the Royal Dutch Shell-owned
Billiton Company, which did not process the
bauxite it mined in Suriname. Under this
agreement, both companies share risks and
Inexpensive power costs are Suriname's big
advantage in the energy-intensive alumina and
aluminum business. In the 1960s, ALCOA built a
$150-million dam for the production of
hydroelectric energy at Afobaka (south of
Brokopondo), which created a 1,560-sq. km.
(600-sq. mi.) lake, one of the largest
artificial lakes in the world.
The major mining sites at Moengo and Lelydorp
are maturing, and it is now estimated that their
reserves will be depleted by 2006. Other proven
reserves exist in the east, west, and north of
the country sufficient to last until 2045.
However, distance and topography make their
immediate development costly. In October 2002,
Alcoa and BHP Billiton signed a letter of intent
as the basis for new joint ventures between the
two companies, in which Alcoa will take part for
55% in all bauxite mining activities in West
Suriname. The government and the companies are
looking into cost-effective ways to develop the
new mines. The preeminence of bauxite and
ALCOA's continued presence in Suriname are key
elements in the U.S.-Suriname economic
A member of CARICOM, Suriname also exports
rice, shrimp, timber, bananas, fruits, and
vegetables. Gold mining is unregulated by the
government, and this important part of the
informal economy (estimated at as much as 100%
of GDP) must be brought into the realm of tax
and environmental authorities. Suriname has
attracted the attention of international
companies in gold exploration and exploitation
as well as those interested in extensive
development of a tropical hardwoods industry and
possible diamond mining. However, proposals for
exploitation of the country's tropical forests
and undeveloped regions of the interior
traditionally inhabited by indigenous and Maroon
communities have raised the concerns of
environmentalists and human rights activists
both in Suriname and abroad. Oil is a promising
sector; current output is 12,000 barrels a day,
and regional geology suggests additional
potential. Staatsolie, the state-owned oil
company, is actively seeking international joint
At independence, Suriname signed an agreement
with the Netherlands providing for about $1.5
billion in development assistance grants and
loans over a 10- to 15-year period. Dutch
assistance allocated to Suriname thus amounted
to about $100 million per year, but was
discontinued during periods of military rule.
After the return to a democratically elected
government in 1991, Dutch aid resumed. The Dutch
relationship continues to be an important factor
in the economy, with the Dutch insisting that
Suriname undertake economic reforms and produce
specific plans acceptable to the Dutch for
projects on which aid funds could be spent. In
2000, however, the Dutch revised the structure
of their aid package and signaled to the
Surinamese authorities their decision to
disburse aid by sectoral priorities as opposed
to individual projects. Although the present
government is not in favor of this approach, it
has identified sectors and is now working on
sectoral analyses to present to the Dutch.
From 1991 to 1992, Suriname’s
economic situation showed some improvement, and
measures taken in 1993 led to economic
stabilization, a relatively stable exchange
rate, low inflation, sustainable fiscal
policies, and growth, However, Suriname’s
economic situation has deteriorated since 1996,
due in large part to loose fiscal policies of
the Wijdenbosch government, which, in the
face of lower Dutch development aid, financed
its deficit through credit extended by the
Central Bank. As a consequence, the parallel
market for foreign exchange soared so that by
the end of 1998, the premium of the parallel
market rate over the official rate was 85%.
Since more than 90% of import transactions took
place at the parallel rate, inflation took off,
with 12-month inflation growing from 0.5% at the
end of 1996 to 23% at the end of 1998 and 113%
at the end of 1999. The government also
instituted a regime of stringent economic
controls over prices, the exchange rate,
imports, and exports in an effort to contain the
adverse effects of its economic policies. The
cumulative impact of soaring inflation, an
unstable exchange rate, and falling real incomes
led to a political crisis.
Suriname elected a new government in May
2000, but until it was replaced, the Wijdenbosch
government continued its loose fiscal and
monetary policies. By the time it left office,
the exchange rate in the parallel market had
depreciated further, over 10% of GDP had been
borrowed to finance the fiscal deficit, and
there was a significant monetary overhang in the
country. The new government dealt with these
problems by devaluing the official exchange rate
by 88%, eliminating all other exchange rates
except the parallel market rate set by the banks
and cambios, raising tariffs on water and
electricity, and eliminating the subsidy on
gasoline. The new administration also
rationalized the extensive list of price
controls to 12 basic food items. More important,
the government ceased all financing from the
Central Bank. It is attempting to broaden its
economic base, establish better contacts with
other nations and international financial
institutions, and reduce its dependence on Dutch
assistance. However, to date the government has
yet to implement an investment law or to begin
privatization of any of the 110 parastatal, nor
has it given much indication that it has
developed a comprehensive plan to grow the
State-owned banana producer Surland closed
its doors on April 5, 2002, after its inability
to meet payroll expenses for the second month in
a row; it is still unclear if Surland will
survive its current crisis. Moreover, in January
2002, the current government renegotiated civil
servant wages (a significant part of the work
force and a significant portion of government
expenditure), agreeing to raises as high as
100%. Pending implementation of these wage
increases and concerned that the government may
be unable to meet these increased expenses, the
local currency weakened from Sf 2200 in January
2002 to nearly Sf 2500 in April 2002. On March
26, 2003, the Central Bank of Suriname (CBvS)
adjusted the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar.
This action resulted in further devaluation of
the Surinamese guilder. In 2004, the
administration introduced a new currency, the
Surinamese dollar (SRD), to replace the guilder.
The government has kept the SRD exchange rate
relatively stable since its inception, at around
2.7 SRD per U.S. dollar. However, uncertainty
surrounding the May 25, 2005 election has put
pressure on the currency.
Since gaining independence, Suriname has become
a member of the United Nations, the OAS, and the
Non-Aligned Movement. Suriname is a member of
the Caribbean Community and Common Market and
the Association of Caribbean States; it is
associated with the European Union through the
Lome Convention. Suriname participates in the
Amazonian Pact, a grouping of the countries of
the Amazon Basin that focuses on protection of
the Amazon region's natural resources from
environmental degradation. Reflecting its status
as a major bauxite producer, Suriname is also a
member of the International Bauxite Association.
The country also belongs to the Economic
Commission for Latin America, the Inter-American
Development Bank, the International Finance
Corporation, the World Bank, and the
International Monetary Fund. Suriname became a
member of the Islamic Development Bank in 1998,
under the Wijdenbosch government.
Bilateral agreements with several countries
of the region, covering diverse areas of
cooperation, have underscored the government's
interest in strengthening regional ties. The
return to Suriname from French Guiana of about
8,000 refugees of the 1986-91 civil war between
the military and domestic insurgents has
improved relations with French authorities.
Longstanding border disputes with Guyana and
French Guiana remain unresolved. Negotiations
with the Government of Guyana brokered by the
Jamaican Prime Minister in 2000 did not produce
an agreement, but the countries agreed to
restart talks after Guyanese national elections
in 2001. In January 2002, the presidents of
Suriname and Guyana met in Suriname and agreed
to resume negotiations, establishing the
Suriname-Guyana border commission. An earlier
dispute with Brazil ended amicably after formal
demarcation of the border.
In May 1997, then-President Wijdenbosch
joined President Clinton and 14 other Caribbean
leaders during the first-ever U.S.-regional
summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit
strengthened the basis for regional cooperation
on justice and counternarcotics issues, finance
and development, and trade.
Since the reestablishment of a democratic,
elected government in 1991, the United States
has maintained positive and mutually beneficial
relations with Suriname based on the principles
of democracy, respect for human rights, rule of
law, and civilian authority over the military.
To strengthen civil society and bolster
democratic institutions, the U.S. has provided
training regarding appropriate roles for the
military in civil society to some of Suriname's
military officers and decision makers.
Narcotics trafficking organizations appear to
be channeling increasing quantities of cocaine
through Suriname for repackaging and transport
to Europe and the United States; and of XTC for
transport to the United States. To assist
Suriname in the fight against drugs and
associated criminal activity, the U.S. has
helped train Surinamese anti-drug squad
personnel. The U.S.
in Suriname works with the Ministry of Regional
Development and rural communities to encourage
community development in Suriname's interior.
Suriname is densely forested and has thus far
suffered little from deforestation, but
increased interest in large-scale commercial
logging and mining in Suriname's interior have
raised environmental concerns. The U.S. Forest
Service, the Smithsonian, and numerous
non-governmental environmental organizations
have promoted technical cooperation with
Suriname's government to prevent destruction of
the country's tropical rain forest, one of the
most diverse ecosystems in the world. U.S.
experts have worked closely with local natural
resource officials to encourage sustainable
development of the interior and alternatives
such as ecotourism. Suriname's tourism sector
remains a minor part of the economy, and tourist
infrastructure is limited (in 2000, some 56,843
foreign tourists visited Suriname). On December
1, 2000, UNESCO designated the 1.6-million
hectare Central Suriname Nature Reserve a World
Suriname's efforts in recent years to
liberalize economic policy created new
possibilities for U.S. exports and investments.
The U.S. remains one of Suriname's principal
trading partners, largely due to ALCOA's
longstanding investment in Suriname's bauxite
mining and processing industry. More than
one-half of world exports to Suriname originate
in the United States. Several U.S. corporations
are active in Suriname, largely in the mining,
consumer goods, and service sectors. Principal
U.S. exports to Suriname include chemicals,
aircraft, vehicles, machine parts, meat, and
wheat. U.S. consumer products are increasingly
available through Suriname's many trading
companies. Opportunities for U.S. exporters,
service companies, and engineering firms will
probably expand over the next decade.
Suriname is looking to U.S. and other foreign
investors to assist in the commercial
development of its vast natural resources and to
help finance infrastructure improvements.
Enactment of a new investment code and
intellectual property rights protection
legislation, which would strengthen Suriname's
attractiveness to investors, has been discussed,
and recently some progress has been made. The
investment law was approved by the National
Assembly and is currently being revised by the
Ministry of Finance.
Principal U.S. Embassy Officials
Deputy Chief of Mission--Mary Beth Leonard
Defense Attache--Lorenzo Harris
Political/Economic Office--Thomas Walsh
Management Officer--David Lamontagne
Consular Officer--Natalia Ioffe
Peace Corps Country Director--Charles Childers
Embassy in Paramaribo is located at Dr.
Sophie Redmondstraat 129, P.O. Box 1821,
Paramaribo, Suriname (tel. 597-472900,
597-476459; fax: 597- 410025).